The mountain and monastery of Montserrat (Cat. Monestir Santa Maria de Montserrat, Spanish. Monasterio de Montserrat) in Spain.
•A stay in Spain in Catalonia and do not rise to the famous Montserrat - can mean to miss important.
Montserrat - the creation of a peculiar nature, it contains the most important shrine of Catalonia, the core of spirituality, is the site of a large number of pilgrims. You can not be indifferent to the unusual sight of the mountain place of volcanic origin. Rock stone blocks have their bizarre name. The monastery is located in a fairly humid climate, during the day you can see from the top of the mountain shrouded in mist, dropping to a monastery, and for dinner has a clear blue sky.
Montserrat - Benedictine monastery in Catalonia, the largest and one of the oldest in Europe, built at an altitude of 725 meters above sea level, it is the most influential in Spain.
The name of the island of Montserrat is directly related to the discoveries of Columbus in 1493 and named in his honor, the island is a territory of the United Kingdom. You climb to the monastery on one side of the mountain, contemplating the beautiful landscapes and spectacular views, and after the tour bus - on the other, he saw a mountain with a few on the other side of the back.
Accompanied by a guide (but you can do it yourself) will make a fact-finding tour of the monastery, visit the audio-visual room, a museum of the monastery, which displays archaeological artifacts of the Biblical East, religious objects and paintings XIII-XVIII centuries, works by El Greco, Caravaggio, Picasso, Dali and others. In addition, taste the liquor, the monks insist on herbs gathered on the mountain.
This place is shrouded in various legends and mysteries, mainly due miraculous properties the figure of Our Lady, which was found on a mountain in the IX century, received from local residents affectionate name "La Moreneta", which means "Darkie" because of the dark color of the tree from which it It was cut. The fame of the miracles performed by the Virgin Mary, sold far beyond Spain, it has always attracted a large number of pilgrims.
According to legend of local people, the image of the Virgin Mary has a miraculous power and can fulfill even your most secret desire. Entering the basilica, you can touch the statue of the Virgin Mary and make a wish.
At 13:00 in the temple, you can hear the hymns by the choir boys in the oldest music school in Europe "Eskalaniya" opened at the monastery (in the summer of 21/08 to 23/06 there is no choir). This team at one time learned the basics of vocal art Jose Carreras.
Duration: 08: 30- 18:30. Dress code: arbitrary, according to the season. Tour obyachno incorporated include: a trip to the tourist bus accompanied by a guide, lifting the mountain train, cable car, visiting the monastery hall, a visit to an art museum of the monastery, tasting liquors "Aromas of Montserrat".
The first references occur in 1025, today it has acquired the form in the 12th century.
In the XVI century, it was consecrated a large gothic cathedral monastery.
In 1811 the monastery was nearly destroyed Napoleon's troops.
Since the beginning of 1844 began its slow recovery in his recovery attended the Benedictine Order and simple Catalans. Worked here master of architecture and artists, including the most eminent of Antoni Gaudi, the work lasted for almost 100 years.
Geography, where Montserrat. It is a monastery in Spain, in the province of Catalonia on the eponymous mountain in the north - west of Barcelona at a distance of 50 - 60 kilometers. Translated from Spanish means Mont mountain, and serrat - sawn or cut.
The road to the mountain and monastery of Montserrat. On the bus on the way to Montserrat. Parking in front of the rise in the transport of Montserrat.