Monaco is one of the small "dwarf states", which also includes: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Malta, San Marino and the Vatican.
Capital of Monaco - Monaco
Administrative Divisions - Principalities.
Composition - four administrative districts-cities:
- Monte Carlo;
- La Condamine (port area) and
- Fontvielle (business district).
The state has two seaports: in the Fontvieille district, the Port of Hercules (Hercules) - small boats stop here and the Port of Bay d'Hercule (Hercule), where cruise ships stop, is in the center of the Condamine district.
In ancient times, the Rock of Monaco was a haven for primitive tribes. The history of Monaco dates back to the 13th century, in June, namely June 10, 1215.
On this day, the Gibelins family laid the foundation stone for the castle, which is now the Prince's Palace. In order to attract new residents here, favorable conditions were created: territorial concessions, the abolition of customs duties, people were exempted from taxes, so far residents of Monaco do not pay taxes.
The centuries-old history of Monaco is closely linked to the Grimaldi dynasty, whose 700th anniversary was celebrated in 1997 - the anniversary of the reign of the Principality of Monaco.
The official language is French, the spoken language is Monegasque, but Italian and English are widely spoken. The traditional language "Le Monegù", spoken by the older generation, is taught in all local schools.
Euro currency, but only with the sign of Monaco, the state belongs to the Schengen area, but is a member of the European Union.
Natives - Monegasques.
'Deo Juvante', meaning 'With God's help', is the motto of Monaco and its princes. Catholicism was elevated to the status of a state religion. However, freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution and several religions are represented in the Principality. Obtaining citizenship here is not so simple: you must either be born here in a Monegasque family or marry (marry) a citizen (civilian) of this small state.
November 19 is considered a national holiday. Monaco's telephone code is '377', telecommunications are very convenient and affordable. Monaco prints its own stamps.
Based on the last official census, the Principality of Monaco has 35,646 inhabitants, of which 7,634 reside in Monaco, with a composition of 10,029 French and 6,596 Italians. A total of more than 125 nationalities are represented. Approximately 95,515 people live in Monaco and neighboring French cities.
Due to its geographic location, the Principality of Monaco has very mild winters and surprisingly sunny summers that are generally not very hot. In fact, the results of the last 60 years of research show that the average temperature is 16°C, it rains an average of 87 days a year and the sun shines 7 hours a day. The sea water temperature ranges from 11°C in winter to 26°C in summer. Thanks to its Mediterranean climate, Monaco is a pleasant place to live all year round. In addition, it is worth noting that the ski resorts of the Alps are only an hour away from the coast.
Entry into the Principality of the Russians is on a visa basis.
The principal source of income for the Principality of Monaco is the tax revenue from the casino in Monte Carlo. Residents of the state are exempt from paying taxes, but are not allowed to visit the casino themselves, including royal family.
Renting or Buying a House Living in Monaco is a rather expensive pleasure that has its own peculiarities. Prices start at 1 million euros for a studio apartment. The rent costs several thousand euros and the payment is not monthly, but for at least six months you still have to pay an agency fee and a deposit. The average salary is 2.5 thousand euros, in France the average salary is around 1800 euros.
Prices in the chain of stores of the same name in Monaco are lower than in France, which is due to the absence of taxes, which is a pleasant surprise for travelers. The price of food in restaurants is overpriced, so for a delicious meal it's easier to go to Italy and enjoy both the taste and the price.
How do I get to Monaco?
The state does not have its own airport, there was simply no place, and therefore you will have to travel in transit. Fly by plane to Nice (Côte d'Azur is the nearest airport), then change to a suburban train (nearest Gare Nice-Saint-Augustin station) and rail On the road we arrive in 22-25 minutes (the fare from Nica is 4 euros), by bus (red-orange, the first departure at about 8-45 and the last at 21 o'clock, the fare is 22 euros, the ticket must be printed ).
Bus number No. 100 (Nice-Monaco-Menton, on the board in front of the bus the inscription MENTON is displayed in large letters, at the bottom there is a smaller inscription Monaco, the cost is 1.5 euros, the ticket is purchased from the driver, be sure to have small coins with you ), travel time is 40-45 minutes, of course, if there are no traffic jams. A taxi ride will cost you 60-70 euros.
Travel time from Paris 5 hours by TGV, from Milan 4 hours 30 minutes, www.monaco-gare.com
A branch of the Marseille-Saint-Charles railway line to Ventimiglia (Italy). The Principality's railway station (Gare de Monaco-Monte-Carlo) is located in the Rock, on the northern outskirts of the Principality.
By sea through the port of Monaco.
You can travel around the country - the principality, for example, by bus, line 2, which runs throughout the state. You can walk around Monaco in 45 minutes. The Principality stretches over two kilometers along the Ligurian Sea coast.
Monaco railway station, the platform is long and the last car stops far from its start, so it's better to get in the middle on the way back.
In the photo. Metro station in Monaco. Monte Carlo, French Riviera. The Formula 1 race track runs along this road. Oceanographic Museum. Monument to the yellow submarine Jacques-Yves Cousteau. On the way, it is worth making a stop where, as a souvenir, you will take a mandatory photo against the backdrop of an incredibly beautiful view of Monaco and the bay from a bird's eye view of the port on the Cote d'Azur magnificent white yachts.
What to visit in Monaco :
- Prince's Palace, seat of the ruling Grimaldi dynasty;
- Casino "Monte-Carlo", architect Charles Garnier on a cliff in Monaco-Ville;
- The Oceanographic Museum, which includes an oceanarium long directed by Jacques Yves Cousteau. Located on Avenue Saint-Martin, a few steps from the Prince's Palace;
- Gardens and Parks incl. Japanese and Exotic Gardens, Saint Martin Gardens, Casino Gardens, Fontvieille Landscape Park with Princess Grace Rose Garden, Princess Antoinette Park...;
- The main temple is the Cathedral of St. Nicholas;
- Wax museum, other museums of different themes.
Monaco-Ville is the ancient capital of the Principality of Monaco, built on the very top of a cliff at an altitude of 60 meters above sea level, named after the French word "old town" or La Roche "rock".
In Monaco, try to visit the Prince's Palace, the Wax Museum and the Oceanographic Museum, which collects fish from all the world's seas in 7 aquariums. In front of the building is a yellow bathyscaphe Jacques-Yves Cousteau - he was the director of the museum from 1958 to 1988. Monaco Cathedral. Fort Antoine is located on the north-eastern edge of the Rock of Monaco. Picturesque Gardens of Saint Martin. Chapelle de la Misericord chapel. Museum of Napoleon.
Entrance to the Oceanographic Museum and Monument that embodies the fragility of the earth.
Photographs of the streets of Monaco. Rock. Principality of Monaco. Oceanographic Museum, a monument in front of the museum represents the fragility of the earth. Museum (French Musée océanographique de Monaco) - combined the museum itself and the oceanographic institute, the founding year of the museum is considered to be 1889, the oceanographic institute was opened in 1906. The director of the museum was Jacques Yves Cousteau for a long time. The Oceanographic Museum sometimes has special offers for visitors: the possibility to visit its walls in the late evening: from 19:00 to midnight at half price.
Monument to Albert I, the founder of the Oceanographic Museum in Monaco. Church of the Holy Devota. Pictured is the police force in Monaco.
For Monaco and Monte Carlo, such "synonyms" for casinos, luxury, villas, wealth, presentability, sea, sun, fun have long been established!
In the photo. On the Walk of Fame of Champions - Soccer Stars we come across prints of various celebrities in Monaco.
There is no airport in the Principality of Monaco. The nearest airport is in Nice - France. Nice airport is the third busiest airport in France. The airport has two terminals with free buses running between them.
Transport in Monaco is represented by public bus lines running from 6am to 9pm, they converge at Place d'Armes, city lines (there are six of them) lead to tourist attractions. The six main traffic routes.
The means of transport is free escalators that take you to higher streets, there are 7 in Monaco.
There is a regular helicopter service between Monaco and Nice airport, flight time Nice / Monaco is about 6 - 7 minutes, costs 75 euros per person.
Tourist traffic is represented by a train with red wagons.
Water transport: water bus (Bateau Bus) and taxi, the trip costs 2 euros.
The Fontvieille district is the industrial part of Monaco, here there are factories, commercial companies, various institutions and tourist infrastructure.
The journey costs 2 euros, including a transfer within 30 minutes. Ticket price for 1 day 5 euros. Children under 7 travel for free.
Kommunikation in Monaco
Airport Help Desk – 0836-695-555.
Taxi number 24 hours a day - 93-150-101.
Lost Property Inquiries - 93-153-015.
Police - 17 or 93-153-015.
For the convenience of local residents, phones are installed on the streets 24 hours a day to call a taxi.
Security and Law and Order
There is practically no crime in the Principality, it is the lowest in Europe. The police meet, but video cameras installed in large numbers and the police serving in civilian uniforms do their positive work.
Itinerary typically includes:
During the walking part of the tour, the program includes free visits to the main attractions of the Principality: the Oceanographic Museum, the Palace of Prince Albert I of Monaco with its magnificent gardens, the Cathedral of St. Nicholas. The tour then continues to Monte Carlo where you will get to know the two main attractions:
a swanky 'Millionaire's Casino' where fortunes can be made and lost easily and part of the unique Monaco Formula 1 Grand Prix circuit which runs right through the streets of the city.
You can only see many of the most luxurious yachts here in Monaco.
Photo on the way to Monaco. A fee is charged at the entrance, the cost of finding a tourist bus is 145 euros for 12 hours. Then we pass the post office and move along the streets to a special bus stop next to the Oceanographic Museum, from where the trip around the Principality begins. Upon arrival, tourists go to the Oceanographic Museum, but their path leads through souvenir shops, and here the guide leaves time to tidy up before a tour of Monaco.
Video about Monaco
Video-Spaziergang durch Monaco.
View of Monaco from above, panorama, click on the image to enlarge.