In St. Petersburg more than 180 museums and 135 galleries, held annually in nearly 900 exhibitions. More than 60 city theaters represent approximately 130 prime. In 38 concert halls are conducted almost 4,500 performances, there are 265 public libraries, 7,783 cultural monuments.
St. Petersburg was founded in 1703 by decree of Petra I. Along with laying the fortress appeared House of Peter I-the same age as the city has been preserved to our days. At Trinity Square (now Square. Revolution) under the protection of walls to develop trade and administrative center - the port of Dvor, the Stock Exchange. Senate. On the left bank of the Neva, nearly opposite the fort, began building ships at the Admiralty Shipyard. Around the historic core of the city evolved residential areas, initially limited the Fontanka River, and later spread to the south. Gradually settled by the Petrograd side, Vasilevsky Island, the left-bank areas, the Vyborg side, Shlisselburgsky, Peterhof and the Moscow tracts. St. Petersburg will soon lose the features of the feudal city and subsequently became a typical capitalist city, where the front area of palaces, banks, luxury villas, shops and trendy restaurants girded with a dense ring of industrial suburbs, squalid working margins.
Along with Moscow, St. Petersburg became the center of national life of Russia. His progressive forces to develop the domestic culture and science. Established in 1725, the Academy of Sciences marked the exit of Russian science on the world stage as an equal and sometimes leading partner in other European countries.
It is difficult to overestimate the role of St. Petersburg and in advancing literature and art. One listing of names of world famous writers, painters, sculptors, architects, composers, actors, lived and worked in this city, it would take more than one page.
St Petersburg tours
To visit St. Petersburg, walk on the rivers and canals, bridges and canals.
Why St. Petersburg the city - the museum is called? Many of us very much like to happen in various museums. Here we consider pictures, sculptures, masterpieces created by the person. And in this city it is just aggregated! Not one century of work please and delight guests and residents.
St. Petersburg not only the city - the museum, and the museum open-air! Is a pearl of the Baltic coast, the city with the European architecture. Its palaces in Baroque style and rococo, Ekaterina's classicism and eclectic cathedrals.
Strike with the magnificence the museums, palaces and parks of suburbs of St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg is magnificent always, at all seasons of the year. The city is very beautiful during the white nights, many tourists visit the city in it the period.
Where to descend
For walk it is around the city better to dress footwear of sports type, differently you will quickly be tired and you won't want to continue walk. Keep in mind that everything is within walking distance, but it is necessary to plan for viewing some days. In the center walk on the Gold triangle: Card of the center of St. Petersburg
- On Fontanka River Embankment;
- Engineers' Castle;
- Field of Mars;
- Summer garden;
- Cathedral Church of the Savior on Blood;
- Italyanskaya Street;
- Palace Square;
- Palace Bridge;
- Spit of Vasilevsky Island;
- Universitetskaya Embankment;
- Zoological museum;
- Cabinet of curiosities.
Menshikov's palace, and back on Blagoveshchensky Bridge to a monument to Pyotr 1, St. Isaac's Cathedral, Nevsky Avenue, Kazan Cathedral.
It is possible to visit the Peter and Paul Fortress, Zoological park, the Museum of artillery.
You choose a route with step-by-step with variations and who will suit a sightseeing tour by bus more. It is better to eat and drink in shops, at the museums and in the museums - theaters it is rather expensive.
Well and of course suburbs: Peterhof, Pushkin, Pavlovsk, Gatchina...
1703 - a bookmark and construction of St. Petersburg, the naming kept the city till 1914.
since 1914 on 1924 city Petrograd was called.
since 1924-1991 the name the city had Leningrad.
since 1991 returned to the city the historical name St. Petersburg (the area is still called Leningrad).
During the period with 1712-1828 and since 1832-1918 I was the capital of the Russian state.
From September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944 the Siege of Leningrad during the Great Patriotic War.
2003 - the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg.
Museums and memorial places of St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg museums and historic sites.