Saint-Petersburg → The State Russian museum
THE STATE RUSSIAN MUSEUM Inzhenernaya str. 4. Tel. +7-812-595-42-48, 314-83-68. 10- 17, also w., m. "Nevsky prospect", "Gostiny dvor"
The Mikhailovsky (Michael) Palace (1819-1825) is a manifesto of the Russian Empire style , the best example of palace architecture in the final years of the Neo-Classical era. It was built as a residence for Alexander I's youngest brother. Grand Duke Michael (1798-1849), at the time of his wedding to Princess Frederike Charlotta Maria of Württemberg (Yelena Pavlovna). The project was commissioned from Carlo Rossi who had already displayed his abilities in the Yelagin Palace. Rossi built the Mikhailovsky Palace when he was at the height of his powers. In the process he transformed all the surrounding city scape over an area of at least 10 hectares. The palace ensemble incorporated part of the old park on the Moika that had once belonged to Catherine I.
Rossi put a railing around it and created picturesque ponds with little bridges as well as an elegant pavilion landing-stage (the Rossi pavilion) with a slope down to the Moika. He advanced the side wings of the palace onto the square in front of its main facade, forming a cour d'honneur (grand courtyard) enclosed by a railing. The architect connected the square with Nevsky Prospekt, providing a fine vista of the palace's central portico from there.
In 1894 the palace was given over to the Russian Museum of Alexander III, inaugurated the next year. Now its halls are used to display masterpieces of Russian painting and sculpture that form a significant part of the world's artistic heritage.
Pictures of the Russian Museum. Ilya Repin. "Barge Haulers on the Volga" Ilya Repin. "The Ceremonial Meeting of the State Council on May 7, 1901" Carl Bryullov. Portrait of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna and her daughter Maria. 1830. "The Last Day of Pompeii" F.A. Bruni. "The brazen serpent"